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Child Benefit for 16 – 19 year olds

17/06/2024

More than a million parents will receive reminders to extend Child Benefit for their teenagers if they are continuing their education or training after their GCSEs. HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) is sending more than 1.4 million Child Benefit reconfirmation letters to parents between 24 May and 17 July. The letters will include a QR code

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Are we unpaid tax collectors?

17/06/2024

Business owners often refer to VAT as if it were a cost to their business regardless of their VAT position; whether they are registered for VAT or not. If you are not registered for VAT, you do not have to add VAT to your sales and you cannot recover any VAT you pay on purchases. In which case, under these circumstances, VAT is a

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Types of HMRC enquiries

13/06/2024

HMRC can enquire into any statutory return (or amendment of that return) or statutory claim to check if the return / claim has been prepared correctly or if further information is required. HMRC’s internal manuals state that there is no statutory definition of an enquiry, so it carries its normal dictionary meaning of `seeking

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Correcting errors in VAT returns

13/06/2024

Where an error on a past VAT return is uncovered businesses have a duty to correct the error as soon as possible. As a general rule, any necessary adjustment can be made on a current VAT return. To do this, the errors must be below the reporting threshold. Under the reporting threshold rule, businesses can make an adjustment on their

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Interest on children’s savings

13/06/2024

All children in the UK have their own personal allowance, currently £12,570. There are special rules if a parent gifts significant amounts of money to their children which results in them receiving bank interest of more than £100 (before tax) annually. If this is the case, the parent is liable to pay tax on all the interest if it is above

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Non-resident UK property sales

13/06/2024

There are specials rules that apply to UK property sales by non-residents. Since 6 April 2020 non-residents have needed to report and pay any non-resident Capital Gains Tax (CGT) due if they have sold or disposed of: residential UK property or land (land for these purposes also includes any buildings on the land); non-residential UK

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Self-assessment payments on account

13/06/2024

Self-assessment taxpayers are usually required to pay their income tax liabilities in three instalments each year. The first two payments on account are due on 31 January during the tax year and 31 July following the tax year end date. These payments on account are based on 50% each of the previous year’s net income tax liability. In

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Multiple Dwellings Relief for SDLT

13/06/2024

It was announced as part of the Spring Budget 2023 that Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR) was being abolished. This change has now come into effect for transactions which complete, or substantially perform on or after 1 June 2024. The MDR relief applied to property purchasers who bought more than one dwelling where a transaction or a

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New Brooms

11/06/2024

As time passes during the present election campaign, its seems more likely that we may have a change of government from the 5 July. Labour have disclosed a number of tax changes they would introduce. To summarise they are: Private school fees will attract VAT at 20% which private schools will no doubt pass on to parents. The Labour

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Falling inflation – what does it mean for you?

11/06/2024

The following notes are reproduced from a Treasury statement issued 21 May 2024. Lower inflation supports people by maintaining the purchasing power of their money. If prices only rise slowly, people can plan their budgets more effectively - encouraging spending and investment, which fuels the economy. Lower inflation also helps

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Tax Diary July/August 2024

07/06/2024

1 July 2024 - Due date for corporation tax due for the year ended 30 September 2023. 6 July 2024 - Complete and submit forms P11D return of benefits and expenses and P11D(b) return of Class 1A NICs. 19 July 2024 - Pay Class 1A NICs (by the 22 July 2024 if paid electronically). 19 July 2024 - PAYE and NIC deductions due for month ended

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Filing your tax return early

06/06/2024

The 2023-24 tax year ended on 5 April 2024 and the new 2024-25 tax year started on 6 April 2024. Most taxpayers will be happy to leave dealing with their 2023-24 tax returns until later this year or even until January 2025. The 31 January 2025 is not just the final date for submission of the 2023-24 self-assessment tax return but also an

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Setting up as a sole trader

06/06/2024

Setting up in business as a sole trader is arguably the simplest way of starting and running a business. The advantages of being a sole trader include independence, ease of set up and running your business, and the fact that all the profits go to you. The disadvantages include a lack of support, unlimited liability, the prospect of

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Need to register for self-assessment?

06/06/2024

There is an online tool, developed by HMRC, that allows taxpayers to check if they need to notify HMRC about additional income. The online tool can be found at www.gov.uk/check-additional-income-tax. You are required to submit a self-assessment return if any of the following apply: you were self-employed as a ‘sole trader’ and earned

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Statutory Pay assistance

06/06/2024

An employer can usually reclaim 92% of employees’ Statutory Maternity, Statutory Paternity, Statutory Adoption, Statutory Parental Bereavement and Statutory Shared Parental Pay. If the business qualifies for Small Employers’ relief, this figure can increase to 103%. Small Employers’ relief is available if the business paid £45,000 or

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Directors and National Insurance

06/06/2024

Directors are classed as employees and pay National Insurance on annual income from salary and bonuses that exceed the Primary Threshold. The annual threshold is £12,570 in the current 2024-25 tax year. Many director shareholders take a minimum salary and any balance of remuneration as dividends. This tends to reduce National Insurance

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Transferring unused IHT residence nil rate band

06/06/2024

The Inheritance Tax residence nil rate band (RNRB) is a transferable allowance for married couples and civil partners (per person) when their main residence is passed down to a direct descendent such as children or grandchildren after their death. The allowance increased to the present maximum level of £175,000 from 6 April 2020. The

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Change

04/06/2024

There is a French saying “Plus ca change, plus c’est la meme chose” meaning, the more things change, the more they stay the same. Its interesting to apply this to a change that is about to come about, if, as expected, the Labour Party form the next government from the 5th of July. The present Shadow Chancellor, Rachael

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New protection for consumers

04/06/2024

The Digital Markets, Competition and Consumers Act has become law after receiving Royal Assent. The Act paves the way to give consumers rights across the UK, with greater control and clarity over online purchases. It does this by requiring businesses to provide clearer information to consumers before they enter a subscription contract,

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General election date announced

30/05/2024

The Prime Minister, Rishi Sunak, declared from the steps of Downing Street (on 22 May 2024) that the next general election will take place on 4 July 2024. The Prime Minister confirmed that he had spoken with His Majesty the King to request the dissolution of parliament. The King granted this request, thereby confirming that the general

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Do not respond if you receive this letter

30/05/2024

Companies House published guidance titled ‘Reporting scams pretending to be from Companies House’ has been updated. The list is intended to help people check if contacts purporting to be from Companies House are actually a scam. The guidance contains a list of emails, letters and phone calls that are fraudulent. The guidance can be

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Changes to the High Income Child Benefit Charge

30/05/2024

The changes to the High Income Child Benefit Charge (HICBC) announced as part of the Spring Budget came into effect on 6 April 2024. The income threshold at which HICBC starts to be charged has been increased from £50,000 to £60,000. The HICBC is charged at the rate of 1% of the full Child Benefit award for each £200 (2023-24: £100) of

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Payback company car private fuel

30/05/2024

Where an employee with a company car is provided with fuel for their own private use by their employers, the default position is that the employee is required to pay the car fuel benefit charge. The charge is determined by reference to the CO2 rating of the car, applied to the car fuel benefit multiplier, currently £27,800. The car fuel

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CGT Rollover Relief

30/05/2024

Business Asset Rollover Relief also known as CGT Rollover Relief allows for deferral of Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on gains made when taxpayers sell or dispose of certain assets and use all or part of the proceeds to buy new business assets. The relief means that the tax on the gain of the old asset is postponed. The amount of the gain is

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Carry back charitable donations

30/05/2024

If you are a higher rate or additional rate taxpayer you have the option to carry back your charitable donations to the previous tax year. A request to carry back the donation must be made before or at the same time as your previous year’s self-assessment return is filed. This means that if you made a gift to charity in the current

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Employee suggestion schemes

30/05/2024

There are many advantages to creating an employee suggestion scheme where employees are rewarded for making suggestions that benefit your business. Apart from the value that these suggestions can have in saving money or driving new business ideas there are also tax-free benefits associated with running these schemes. HMRC list two kinds

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Post Office convictions quashed

28/05/2024

Convictions of hundreds of postmasters have been quashed following Royal Assent of the Post Office (Horizon System) Offences Act 2024. Many postmasters endured financial ruin, the loss of homes, livelihoods, reputation and some even lost their lives as a result of the Horizon IT Scandal which is one of the greatest miscarriages of

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Benefits of a fall in inflation

28/05/2024

An economist from the Treasury explains exactly what a fall in inflation means for you. How will lower inflation help the economy? Lower inflation supports people by maintaining the purchasing power of their money. If prices only rise slowly, people can plan their budgets more effectively - encouraging spending and investment,

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Changes to Companies House Fees

23/05/2024

There have been a number of significant changes in Companies House fees. These changes took effect on 1 May 2024. The last significant change in fees occurred in April 2016. The new fees have been calculated on a ‘cost recovery’ basis meaning that the fees are calculated based on what it costs to provide the services in question.

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Tax credits reminder

23/05/2024

We would like to remind our readers that HMRC is currently sending the annual tax credit renewal packs to 730,000 tax credit claimants. HMRC is encouraging recipients to renew their tax credits claim online. HMRC started writing to taxpayers on 2 May 2024 and expects all packs to be with recipients by the 19 June 2024. Renewal packs

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Reporting expenses and benefits to HMRC

23/05/2024

The deadline for submitting the 2023-24 forms P11D, P11D(b) and P9D is 6 July 2024. These forms can be submitted using commercial software or via HMRC’s PAYE online service. HMRC no longer accepts paper P11D and P11D(b) forms. Employees must also be provided with a copy of the information relating to them on these forms by the same date.

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VAT reverse charge for builders

23/05/2024

There are special VAT reverse charge rules for certain building contractors and sub-contractors. The rules, which came into effect on 1 March 2021, makes the supply of most construction services between construction or building businesses subject to the domestic reverse charge. The reverse charge only applies to supplies of specified

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Tax when transferring assets during divorce

23/05/2024

When a couple is separating or is divorced it is unlikely that they are thinking about the tax implications of their actions. However, apart from the emotional stress, there are also tax issues that can have significant implications. The Capital Gains Tax (CGT) rules that apply during separation and divorce changed for disposals that

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View your annual tax summary

23/05/2024

The Annual Tax Summary is a document provided by HMRC that shows details of the tax you pay and how this is used by government. The Annual Tax Summary shows: your taxable income from all sources that HMRC knew about at the time that it was prepared; the rates used to calculate your Income Tax and National Insurance contributions;

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Universal Credit changes

20/05/2024

Universal Credit claimants working less than half of a full-time week will have to look to increase their hours but will be able to benefit from extra work coach support. These changes will see 400,000 Universal Credit claimants receive more help to progress in work. The changes come as the PM announces once in a generation welfare

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Childcare funding for under 9-month-olds

20/05/2024

In a recent press release the Department for Education confirmed that parents of children from 9 months old can now apply to access government-funded childcare from September 2024, as England’s largest ever childcare expansion continues. From 12 May 2024, eligible working parents of children who will be 9 months old by 31 August can

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Employing staff for the first time?

16/05/2024

There are a number of rules and regulations that you must be aware of when you employ staff for the first time. HMRC’s guidance sets out some important issues to be aware of when becoming an employer. Decide how much to pay someone - you must pay your employee at least the National Minimum Wage. Check if someone has the legal right

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Register an overseas company

16/05/2024

An overseas company must register with Companies House if they want to set up a place of business in the UK. This would mean that the overseas company has a physical presence in the UK through which it carries on business. If an overseas company does not have a physical presence in the UK, they are not usually required to register with

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Beneficial tax-exempt loans

16/05/2024

An employee can obtain a benefit when provided with an employment-related cheap or interest-free loan. The benefit is the difference between the interest the employee pays, if any, and the commercial rate the employee would have to pay on a loan obtained elsewhere. These types of loans are referred to as beneficial loans. There are a

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Closing a limited company

16/05/2024

There are a number of reasons why you may need to close your limited company. This could be because the company structure no longer suits your needs, your business is no longer active, or the company is insolvent. You will usually need the agreement of all the company’s directors and shareholders to close down a company. The method for

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Check a VAT number

16/05/2024

The Check a UK VAT number service is available at: www.gov.uk/check-uk-vat-number. This service allows users to check: if a UK VAT registration number is valid; and the name and address of the registered business. The service also allows UK taxpayers to obtain a certificate to prove that they checked that a VAT registration number

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Deferring National Insurance payments

16/05/2024

Employees with more than one job may be able to defer or delay paying Class 1 National Insurance in certain circumstances. This deferment can be considered when any of the following apply: You pay Class 1 National Insurance with more than one employer. You earn £967 or more per week from one job over the tax year. You earn £1,209 or

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Customs declaration deadline

13/05/2024

A reminder that businesses must submit all export declarations through the Customs Declaration Service (CDS) by 4 June. Businesses exporting goods have less than one month left to move across to the CDS, HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) announced today. Export declarations must be submitted through CDS from 4 June this year, when it

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Company names – new regulations

13/05/2024

A recent post by Companies House confirmed that they are now using new powers to challenge the registration of certain company names. Extracts from their recent blog post is reproduced below: “New powers to challenge company names These new measures build on existing controls on company names. Names cannot be the same as or too

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Time to renew tax credits

09/05/2024

HMRC is currently sending the annual tax credit renewal packs to the 730,000 tax credit claimants and is encouraging recipients to renew their tax credits claim online. HMRC started writing to taxpayers on 2 May and expects all packs to be with recipients by the 19 June 2024. Renewal packs with a black stripe across the front page are

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Act now to claim dormant funds

09/05/2024

The Ministry of Justice has published an urgent warning for anyone with unclaimed dormant funds held by the Courts Funds Office (CFO). Recent changes in legislation have changed the rules for individuals or entities with dormant funds held by the CFO. The new rules come into effect from 1 June 2024 and mean that any account that has been

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Check if HMRC contact is genuine

09/05/2024

HMRC’s published guidance titled ‘Check genuine HMRC contact that uses more than one communication method’ has been updated. The list is intended to help taxpayers check if recent contacts purporting to be from HMRC are actually a scam. The guidance contains a list of emails, phone calls, letters and text messages recently issued by HMRC

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How to claim R&D expenditure credit

09/05/2024

In the Autumn Statement last year, it was announced that the existing R&D Expenditure Credit and Small and Medium Enterprise Scheme would be merged from April 2024. The merged scheme R&D expenditure credit (RDEC) and enhanced R&D intensive support (ERIS) became effective for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 April

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Do you need to register for Economic Crime Levy?

09/05/2024

The Economic Crime Levy is a levy that applies to businesses that are already regulated for anti-money laundering purposes. Your business must register if your UK revenue is £10.2 million or more in a financial year and: Your business is already regulated by HMRC for anti-money laundering purposes. Your business is regulated by a

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Lifetime transfers and liability to IHT

09/05/2024

There are special rules concerning the liability to IHT of a transfer made during a lifetime. For example, most gifts made during a person's life are not subject to tax at the time of the gift. These lifetime transfers are known as 'potentially exempt transfers' or 'PETs'. These gifts or transfers achieve their potential of becoming

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Tax Diary June/July 2024

07/05/2024

1 June 2024 - Due date for corporation tax due for the year ended 31 August 2023. 19 June 2024 - PAYE and NIC deductions due for month ended 5 June 2024. (If you pay your tax electronically the due date is 22 June 2024). 19 June 2024 - Filing deadline for the CIS300 monthly return for the month ended 5 June 2024. 19 June 2024 - CIS

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Cyber protection laws introduced

07/05/2024

New consumer protections against hacking and cyber-attacks came into force at the end of April 2024. All internet connected smart devices will be required by law to meet minimum-security standards. Manufacturers will be legally required to protect consumers from hackers and cyber criminals from accessing devices with internet or network

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New Companies House powers

07/05/2024

The recently introduced Economic Crime and Transparency Act has gifted Companies House a range of new powers aimed at reducing exploitation by corporate entities to pursue illegal enterprise. The aim of the new reforms are: Introducing identity verification for all new and existing registered company directors, People with Significant

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VAT boost to charitable donations

02/05/2024

The government is looking to introduce a new relief that would provide a VAT boost to charitable donations. The new VAT relief would be designed to encourage businesses to donate everyday items to charities without creating a VAT liability. A 12-week consultation on the proposed changes will be launched before 23 July 2024. Under the

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New tips guidance published

02/05/2024

New rules that stop employers from withholding tips from people working in the hospitality, leisure and services sectors are a step closer following the publication of a new Code of Practice on tipping. The Employment (Allocation of Tips) Act 2023 colloquially known as the Tipping Act received Royal Assent on 2 May 2023. However, the

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Self-employed tax basis period reform

02/05/2024

The self-employed tax basis period reform has changed the way trading income is allocated to tax years. Under the reforms, the tax basis period has changed from a ‘current year basis’ to a ‘tax year basis’. This means that all sole trader and partnership businesses must now report their profits on a tax year basis, beginning with the

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Directors who are liable for unpaid tax

02/05/2024

HMRC has the power to make directors personally liable for paying the tax debts of companies they have been involved in under certain limited circumstances. This can also apply to certain other individuals associated with a company. A joint and several liability notice tells the recipient that they are personally responsible, along with

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Business rates relief in England

02/05/2024

Business rates are a tax on non-domestic premises, including most commercial properties such as shops, offices, pubs, warehouses and factories. The money raised through business rates is used to help fund local services like the police, fire and rescue services. Business rates are generally calculated by multiplying the rateable value of

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Hiring customs agents

02/05/2024

Customs declarations can be difficult and time consuming to complete. Businesses can make their own custom's declarations; however, this is complex and requires specialist skills and software. Most businesses use a specialist such as a customs agent, broker, freight forwarder or fast parcel operator to submit import and export customs

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Free management course for SMEs

30/04/2024

The government has launched the new Help to Grow: Management Essentials course; a short online course with practical tips and resources for small business leaders. It is based on the 12-week Help to Grow: Management Course and is suited for leaders of newer or smaller SMEs, or those who are looking to explore the principles of business

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